Tripodos <p><strong><em>Tripodos</em></strong> is an academic journal of international scope published by the <a href="">Blanquerna School of Communication and International Relations</a>, <a href="">Ramon Llull University</a>. Since 1996, the pages of this biannual publication have offered a forum for debate and critical discussion with regard to any discipline related to the world of communication: journalism, cinema, television, radio, advertising, public relations, the Internet, etc.</p> <p>The journal only accepts articles written in English.</p> <p><strong><em><br />Tripodos:</em></strong></p> <p>- Is indexed in<span class="st"> SCOPUS and in Web of Science (WoS) - Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI) database</span>.</p> <p>- Q3 in the 2020 SJR Scimago Journal &amp; Country Rank. SJR 2020=0.15.</p> <p>- Q2 in the 2020 REDIB Ranking of Ibero-American Journal Ranking. Occupies the 13th position in the category of Communication in Spain. </p> <p>- Q1 in Dialnet metrics. Occupies the 7th position in the category of Communication.</p> <p>- Is in category C of the CIRC classification (Integrated Classification of Scientific Journals).</p> <p>- Is indexed, among others, in the following databases and catalogs: Ulrich’s periodicals directory, EBSCO Publishing, Communication Source, DOAJ (Directory of Open Access Journals), ERIH PLUS, ISOC, DICE, MIAR, Latindex, Dulcinea, REBID, Library of Congress, British Library, COPAC, SUDOC, ZDB, OCLC WorldCat, Dialnet, Carhus Plus+, RACO.</p> <p>- Has an h5-index of 11 in Google Scholar Metrics (2015-2019) and an h5-median of 19.</p> <p><a href="">Author guidelines</a></p> <p><a href="">Evaluation form</a></p> en-US <p>Once an article has been approved for publication in Tripodos, the exclusive right to publish the work becomes the property of Blanquerna School of Communication and International Relations of Ramon Llull University. These rights can be granted to a third party with the agreement of the author(s).</p> <p>Until the articles have been approved for publication, Blanquerna School of Communication and International Relations of Ramon Llull University has no rights over them.</p> <p>The submission of articles is understood to represent explicit consent to these conditions of publication.</p> (Alba Sabaté Gauxachs) (Tripodos) Wed, 22 Dec 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Understanding Peace, Conflict and Security Through Alternative Narratives Òscar Mateos, Ana Isabel Rodríguez Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Beyond Abyssal Thinking: The Deep Decolonization of the Studies on War and Violence in Contemporary Mozambique <p>Based upon a critical reading of the civil war that left a profound mark in Mozambique (1976-1992), this article intends to contribute to present-day debates over the importance of peace studies in state building, addressing the cultural resistances that frequently go undetected. At the same time, this article —rooted in the political and epistemological proposal of Boaventura de Sousa Santos’ abyssal thinking (2018)— aims to theorize the political events that permeate this conflict, transcending the (pre)dominant interpretations of the global North. In this sense, this study —from a concise analysis of the geopolitical complexity of the civil war— addresses inherent resistance, prioritizes local voices and explanations, and thus expands the analysis of the root causes of the conflict. Additionally, and stemming out of the epistemologies of the South, it aims to expose situations of cognitive injustice in “international” readings of this war, while —from a contextual reading of wars within the Mozambican civil war— it presents clues for a methodological approach that paves the way for a deep decolonization of security and peace studies.</p> Maria Meneses Copyright (c) 2022 Tripodos Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 About a Will to Power: Post-cold War Conflicts and the Politics of Knowledge Production <p>This paper proposes a critical interrogation of the dominant interpretations of the post-cold war conflicts in order to demonstrate their political nature and how they internalised the causes of conflicts. By internalisation, I refer to the move to locate the causes of conflicts in internal sources. It argues that the region of emergence of the dominant interpretations of conflicts—the so-called new wars— and the internalisation of their causes is the attempt by the West to ideologically suppress or discredit third world anticolonial solidarity and worldmaking. To make this argument, the paper pays specific attention to the broader historical contexts and structural conditions within which internalisation emerged, which it argues are significant for understanding not only the political nature of the dominant interpretations of conflicts, but also the material forces and social processes that informed their production and circulation. In other words, that the framing of the post-cold war conflicts and the internalisation of their causes were never innocent or impartial acts of knowledge production, but political, ideological, and temporal acts linked to power, interests, and specific agenda.</p> Zubairu Wai Copyright (c) 2022 Tripodos Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Mainstreaming Anti-colonial Discourse on Palestine: Mohammed El-Kurd’s Discursive Interventions <p>Palestinian activists have long maintained that the hegemonic discourse used to describe their predicament is unhelpful for understanding the nature of the so-called “conflict” in their country. They maintain that a discursive hegemony suppresses their voices and denies their lived experience. A high-profile case of a settler organization’s attempt to evict Palestinian families from their homes in Jerusalem brought visibility to a counter-hegemonic Palestinian discourse that challenges the dominant framing of the situation in Palestine/Israel. Through steadfast on-the-ground resistance that was powerfully documented online, attention was brought to an otherwise routine act of home dispos-session. This study examines the counter-hegemonic discourse advanced by one of the victims of the case as an example of a growing Palestinian tendency to frame Israeli actions through the prism of settler-colonialism. The article outlines the fundamentals of this discourse and traces synergies between Palestinian narratives of injustice and those of system-critical social movements concerned with issues of racism, militarism, and capitalism to examine how power-resistance discourses challenge extant modes of knowledge production. </p> Claudia Saba Copyright (c) 2022 Tripodos Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 When the Forest Does Not Sing Anymore. Cuerpoterritorio Approach of Amazonian Indigenous Women to the Concepts of Conflict and Violence <p>Based on an ethnographic study, this paper investigates the process of indigenous women in Colombia who are members of the organisation OPIAC and underpins the narratives and situated knowledge they propose in order to understand what conflict and violence mean from their personal and community experiences. The research identifies how cuerpo-territorio is an epistemological starting point that emerges from reinterpreting their worldviews and helps explain the ontological relationship between body, territory, identity, and spirituality. Unpacking this premise, the cuerpo-territorio approach to peace and conflict implies a more reflective and holistic understanding, including other dimensions and ethos. Dispossession of ancestral lands, exploitation of territory, forced displacement and violence against women constitute personal and collective harms that create imbalance and disharmony. Finally, the analysis states that by adopting intersectional and decolonial approaches in critical peace studies, we can shed light on what is silenced by dominant approaches and challenge the limits of institutional and anthropocentric conceptions. Likewise, this “inclusion” must nevertheless be accompanied by material conditions since, despite the signing of the Havana Peace Agreement, indigenous peoples remain under the crossfire of armed actors in their ancestral territories.</p> Diana Garcés Copyright (c) 2022 Tripodos Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Propagandistic Atavism in Post-conflict Northern Ireland: On Riots As Discursive Events <p>In Northern Ireland (NI), riots are frequently employed by communities as a means of voicing political discontent. In the post-conflict era particularly, NI has witnessed a growing pattern of (reactionary) riots enacted by marginalised communities who feel increasingly disenfranchised. Yet, this communicative capacity of riots remains largely unsung in the literature on political communication in NI. Significantly, such marginalised groups remain side-lined in NI’s public sphere in order to stabilise power-sharing arrangements. Historically, through state-censorship imposed during NI’s political conflict, “the Troubles”, such peripheral status impelled marginalised movements to utilise alternative media practices (e.g., political muralism) to draw attention to their agendas (Rolston, 1991, 2003; Hoey, 2018). In the post-conflict era, however, these marginalised actors are increasingly instrumentalising riots as publicly performed spectacles to publicise their political grievances.</p> <p>The loyalist riots of spring 2021 stand out as one such case study, wherein a marginalised community utilised a riot as a mediatised public platform to disseminate messages to external audiences that, up until then, had been inattentive to the concerns of loyalism. In lieu of the above, the following article’s objectives are two-fold: firstly, we expound a conceptual understanding of riots as “discursive events” before presenting an analytical instrument capable of analysing riots in this light. Secondly, relying on primary data, we apply this framework in an analysis of a case study of the 2021 loyalist riots in NI. Beyond demonstrating the expediency of discursive approaches in the analysis of riots, the findings of our case study illuminate the strategic, propagandistic and instrumental dimensions of the 2021 loyalist riots which research has so far neglected.</p> Stephen Goulding, Amy McCroy Copyright (c) 2022 Tripodos Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Surveillance, Security, and Neo-noir Film: Spike Lee’s ‘Inside Man’ As a 9/11 Counter-narrative <p>After the 9/11 terrorist attacks of 2001, a patriotic narrative permeated all aspects of US society. Planned and executed by the George W. Bush administration and reproduced by the media and by other social institutions, the narrative of the War on Terror permeated all aspects of society with little opposition. A few weeks after the attacks, Congress passed the Patriot Act, a bill that redefined security and surveillance in the United States. The new act contributed to the erosion of civil rights. This article analyzes how Spike Lee’s Inside Man (2006), a film that critics interpreted as a commercial thriller when it was launched, employs resources from film noir and neo-noir to construct a counter-narrative on security and surveillance. Through a plot that causes confusion, a distinct visual style, a typically noir role of the hero, and hidden references to a 9/11 theme, the film borrows elements from classical film noir and from eighties neo-noir to take a firm stand against the US response to the terrorist attacks. The movie removes the mask of the dominant narrative by showing a structurally corrupt system.</p> Antoni Castells-Talens Copyright (c) 2022 Tripodos Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Technology, Audio-visual Adaptation and Cultural Re-education of Opera <p>Considering the various uses that cinema has made of opera, this paper focusses on the new exhibitive and distributive mediums of musical theatre on the big screen today. This ranges from live broadcasts to the use of the screen in contemporary opera stagings. The paper raises several challenges, but particularly analyses the common market shared between opera and the audio-visual industry, from the perspective of the opera business in theatres. After defining the technological and commercial features that transform these broadcasts into sustainable film products, the focus is on ascertaining the audio-visual properties that establish opera simulcasts as a new media event in sociological terms.</p> <p>Once the technological perspective has been explored, the paper goes on to an aesthetic analysis of the audio-visual formats offered by combining opera and cinema. This analysis also offers an explanation of some of the sociological behaviours adopted by people attending films in theatres. Determining the characteristic narrative quality of opera enjoyed by audiences can facilitate a new exploration in the film industry of the future relations between these traditional art forms.</p> Jaume Radigales, Isabel Villanueva-Benito Copyright (c) 2022 Tripodos Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Table of Contents Editor Tripodos Copyright (c) 2022 Thu, 27 Jan 2022 00:00:00 +0000