The ‘New Normal’ and Gendered Violence in Nigerian Film Space

Authors

  • Bassey Nsa Ekpe University of Nigeria (Nigeria)
  • Joseph Akpabio University of Uyo (Nigeria)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51698/tripodos.2021.50p75-89

Keywords:

film, gender, masculinism, sexism, violence

Abstract

Arguably, film is the most magical form of storytelling. It is that genre that is most similar to our dreams; a place where a lot of possibilities abound. In the case of Nigerian films, there is little or no holding back as creativity and imagination are often interlaced with biased and unbiased social constructs. This study considers ‘New Normal’ as the current thematic preoccupation of Nigerian films to trivialise women’s rights and promote abuses. This phenomenon is contextualised as intrusive narratives which are now present as a discomforting trope underscored by subtle and at times brash episodes in Nigerian films. Based on the theoretical framework of symbolic annihilation and objectification, salient mentions of existing (or comparative) thoughts on gender, violence and filmic presence are examined. These contentions are justified through content analysis with the adoption of coding schemes that frame the forms and results of violence in the films studied. It avers Nigerian film space as a gendered platform that inspires flights of fancy, violence, sexual depravity and mental grossness through its treatment of violence related subjects. It concludes that Nigerian films promote an inconspicuous attitude where the interest of the man often defines the destiny and functionality of the woman.

Author Biographies

Bassey Nsa Ekpe, University of Nigeria (Nigeria)

Bassey Ekpe (mailbassey@gmail.com) is Department of Theatre and Film Studies, currently a PhD candidate with the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. She is also a lecturer with the Department of Performing Arts, Akwa Ibom State University, Nigeria. Her research interests are in the areas of Theatre/Dramatic Themes and Values; Film and Media Studies, Digital Communication and Feminism. 

Joseph Akpabio, University of Uyo (Nigeria)

Joseph Akpabio PhD (josephakpabio77@ gmail.com) is an alumnus of the University of Calabar, University of Uyo, University of Port Harcourt. He has degrees in Theatre Arts, Literary Studies and Communication Studies. Dr Akpabio has taught at the University of Ilorin, Kwara State; Calabar Polytechnic, Cross River State; and served as the Pioneer Head, Department of Mass Communication, Akwa Ibom State Polytechnic. He is a Senior Lecturer at the Department of Communication Arts, University of Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

References

Abama, E. and Chris, M. A. Kwaja (2009). “Violence Against Women in Nigeria: How the Millennium Development Goals Addresses the Challenge”. The Journal of Pan African Studies, 3(3), pp. 23-34.

Adichie, Chimamanda Ngozi (2017). Dear Ijeawele, or a Feminist Manifesto in Fifteen Suggestions. Lagos: Kachifo Limited.

Bartky, Sandra Lee (1990). Femininity and Domination: Studies in the Phenomenology of Oppression. New York: Routledge.

Fredrickson, Barbara and Roberts, TomiAnn (1997). “Objectification Theory: Toward Understanding Women’s Lived Experiences and Mental Health Risks”. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 21, pp. 173-206.

Hauer, Thomas (2017). “Technological Determinism and New Media”. International Journal of English, Literature and Social Science (IJELS), 2(2), pp. 1-4.

Heflick, Nathan and Goldenberg, Jamie (2009) “Objectifying Sarah Palin: Evidence that Objectification Causes Women to be Perceived as Less Competent and Less Fully Human”. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 45, pp. 598-601.

Huecker, Martin R. and Smock, William (2018). Domestic Violence. Florida: Treasure Island: StatPearls Publishing.

Langton, Rae (1995). “Sexual Solipsism”. Philosophical Topics, 23(2), pp. 149-187.

Nussbaum, Martha C. (1995). “Objectification”. Philosophy & Public Affairs, 24(4), pp. 249-291.

Ogundipe, Ayodele (2004). “Gender and Culture in Indigenous Films in Nigeria”. In: Arnfred, Signe (ed.). Gender Activism and Studies in Africa. Lagos: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA), pp. 88-107.

PricewaterhouseCoopers (2017). “The Nigerian Film Industry”. Spotlight. Available at: <https://www.pwc.com/ng/en/publications/ spotlight-the-nigerian-film-industry.html>.

Accessed 11 December 2020.

Scott, Eileen (2015). A Brief Guide to Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse. Edinburgh: NHS Health Scotland.

Swedish International Development Agency (2015). Preventing and Responding to Gender-Based Violence: Expressions and Strategies. Stockholm: Swedish International Development Agency.

Tuchman, Gaye (1978). Hearth and Home: Images of Women in the Mass Media. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wollstonecraft, Mary (1992). A Vindication of the Rights of Women. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

World Health Organization (2013). “Glo- Organization. Available at: . Accessed 15 of Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse and December 2020.

Non-Partner Sexual Violence”. World Health

Downloads

Published

2021-07-01 — Updated on 2021-07-04

Versions

How to Cite

Ekpe, B. N., & Akpabio, J. (2021). The ‘New Normal’ and Gendered Violence in Nigerian Film Space. Tripodos, (50), 75-89. https://doi.org/10.51698/tripodos.2021.50p75-89 (Original work published July 1, 2021)

Issue

Section

Monograph