Oscar Is a Man: Sexism and the Academy Awards
Keywords:Best Picture, gender inequity, sexism, Academy Awards, Oscars
AbstractThis study analyzes the implicit bias of the Academy Awards and Oscar’s historic lack of gender equity. While there are awards for Best Actor and Actress, a comparative analysis of these awards and the Best Picture prize reveals that a man is more than twice as likely as a woman to receive an Oscar for leading work in a Best Picture. A man is also nearly twice as likely to be nominated as a leading performer in a Best Picture winner. Supporting women in Best Pictures fare a bit better with actual trophies, but, when considering nominations, a man is still more than oneand-a-half times as likely as a woman to be nominated for a supporting performance in a Best Picture winner. This research considers these factors, identifies potential reasons for them, and draws conclusions regarding the decades of gender bias in the Academy Awards. Further, this study investigates the dissolution of the Hollywood studio system and how, though brought on in part by two of the film industry’s leading ladies, the crumbling of that system ultimately hurt the industry’s women more than its men. Keywords: Oscars, Academy Awards, sexism, gender inequity, Best Picture.
Abramovitch, Seth (2008). “Critics Insist ‘The Women’ Sets Back Chick Flick’s Rights Several Hundred Years”. Available at <http://gawker.com/5048558/critics-insist-thewomen-sets-back-chick-flicks-rights-severalhundred-years>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Belloni, Matthew (2007). “De Havilland Lawsuit Resonates Through Hollywood”. Reuters. Available at: <http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/08/24/industry-lawsuit-dcidUSN2329585820070824>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Berg, Madeline (2015). “Everything You Need to Know About the Hollywood Pay Gap”. Forbes. Available at: <https://www.forbes.com/sites/maddieberg/2015/11/12/everything-you-need-to-know-about-thehollywood-pay-gap/#4e97642c5cf1>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Box Office Mojo (2019). “Top Lifetime Adjusted Grosses”. Available at: <https://www.boxofficemojo.com/chart/top_lifetime_gross_adjusted/?adjust_gross_to=2020&ref_=bo_cso_ac>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Encyclopedia Britannica (2019). “Olivia de Havilland”. Available at: <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/153543/Olivia-de-Havilland>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Gilberg, Michael and Hines, Terence (2000). “Male Entertainment Award Winners Are Older than Female Winners”. Psychological Reports, vol. 86.
Hollywood Lexicon (2019). “Studio System”. Available at: . Accessed 5 October 2019.
Jones, Peter (2005). Stardust: The Bette Davis Story [DVD]. Library of Congress. “American Women: Resources from the Moving Image Collections”. Available at: <http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/awhhtml/awmi10/post_studio.html#top>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Markson, Elizabeth W. and Taylor, Carol A. (1993). “Real versus Reel World: Older Women and the Academy Awards”. Women & Therapy, vol. 14, pp. 157-172.
Smith, Stacy L.; Choueiti, Marc; Pieper, Katherine; Yao, Kevin; Case, Ariana, and Choi Angel (2019). “Inequality in 1,200 Popular Films: Examining Portrayals of Gender, Race/ Ethnicity, LGBTQ & Disability”. USC Annenberg Inclusion Initiative. Available at <http://assets.uscannenberg.org/docs/aii-inequalityreport-2019-09-03.pdf>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
The Society of Independent Motion Picture Producers. “The Independent Producers and the Paramount Case, 1938-1949”. Available at: <http://www.cobbles.com/simpp_archive/paramountcase_6supreme1948.htm>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Thornton, Mark (1996). “How Antitrust Ruined the Movies”. Mises Institute. Available at: <https://mises.org/library/how-antitrustruined-movies-0>. Accessed 5 October 2019.
Wiley, Mason and Bona, Damien (1986). Inside Oscar. New York, NY: Ballantine Books.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Once an article has been approved for publication in Tripodos, the exclusive right to publish the work becomes the property of Blanquerna School of Communication and International Relations of Ramon Llull University. These rights can be granted to a third party with the agreement of the author(s).
Until the articles have been approved for publication, Blanquerna School of Communication and International Relations of Ramon Llull University has no rights over them.
The submission of articles is understood to represent explicit consent to these conditions of publication.